“Fruity, Chocolate, Rich.”
REGION: Lengupa and Tenza Valleys
VARIETALS: Typica, Caturra, Colombia
ALTITUDE: 1400-1800 MASL
ROAST LEVEL: Medium Dark
A Guide to Colombian Coffee: Exploring Varieties, Regions, and the Art of Air Roasting
We take immense pleasure in sharing our views on the diverse world of coffee. In this article, we’ll focus on Colombia, the second-largest exporter of Arabica coffee worldwide, renowned for its clean cup, agreeable acidity, and excellent body.
Let’s explore the distinctive flavours of Colombian coffee beans, the unique characteristics of Medellin excelso and supremo coffee, and how air roasting can enhance the flavours of these exceptional beans.
1) The Rich Flavour Profiles of Colombia Coffee Beans
Colombia’s varied climates and geographical settings give its coffee beans their unique flavours. With ideal temperatures (19-24ºC) and rainfall (1500-2000ml), it’s no surprise that Colombia has become a powerhouse in the coffee world.
The nation’s diverse landscape can influence the flavour profiles of coffee beans. These distinct flavours, combined with the meticulous attention paid to bean selection and processing, make Colombia coffee a favourite among coffee enthusiasts around the globe.
The geography also supports various crops, such as maize, garden vegetables, oranges, pineapples, mangoes, and avocados.
2) Medellin Excelso and Supremo Coffee: A Cut Above the Rest
Medellin, a city in the heart of Colombia’s coffee-growing region, produces two exceptional coffee varieties: Medellin supremo and excelso.
Medellin excelso coffee beans are known for their large size, well-balanced acidity, medium body, and rich flavour. Medellin supremo coffee beans, on the other hand, are the largest beans produced in Colombia and exhibit a bright acidity, full body, and an even more pronounced flavour profile.
These high-quality lots are increasingly being separated from the rest and sold at higher prices as the specialty coffee industry continues to evolve and emphasise quality and differentiation.
3) Sustainability and Ethical Practices in Colombian Coffee Production
As the global coffee industry becomes more focused on sustainability and ethical practices, Colombia’s coffee producers are stepping up to meet these standards. From supporting local communities to adopting environmentally friendly farming methods, Colombian coffee farmers are paving the way for a more sustainable future in coffee production.
By choosing Colombian coffee beans that adhere to Specialty Grade certification, you can support these efforts and contribute to a brighter, more ethical coffee industry.
4) Exploring Colombia’s Coffee Culture
The Colombian coffee culture is steeped in history and tradition, dating back to the early 19th century. Over the years, Colombia has cultivated a deep-rooted passion for coffee, which is evident in the country’s numerous coffee festivals, thriving café scene, and a strong global reputation for producing exceptional beans.
To fully appreciate Colombian coffee, it’s essential to immerse yourself in the country’s rich coffee culture. Whether you’re visiting a local coffee farm, participating in a cupping session, or simply sipping a cup at a local café, there’s no shortage of opportunities to deepen your understanding and love for Colombian coffee.
5) A Journey Through Colombia’s Coffee Regions
From the towering Andes mountains to the lush Amazon rainforest, Colombia’s diverse landscape is home to many coffee-growing regions. Each region boasts unique microclimate, soil composition, and altitude, resulting in various flavour profiles.
Some of Colombia’s most notable coffee regions include:
Antioquia: Known for its full-bodied, chocolatey, and nutty flavours.
Tolima: Prized for its fruity, floral, and citrus notes.
Quindío: Famed for its bright acidity and complex, wine-like flavours.
As you explore the different coffee-growing regions of Colombia, you’ll uncover a world of diverse flavors and experiences that can only be found in this remarkable country.
6) The Art of Air Roasting Colombia Coffee Beans
To truly appreciate the unique flavours of Colombian coffee beans, one must consider the roasting method. Air roasting, an innovative technique that utilizes hot air to roast the beans, can elevate your Colombian coffee experience to new heights. Here’s how air roasting benefits Colombian coffee:
Faster Roasting Time: Air roasting is quicker than traditional drum roasting, preserving the beans’ natural flavours and aromas.
Uniform Roast: The hot air used in air roasting ensures an even and controlled roast, which brings out the best characteristics of the beans.
Reduced Bitterness and Acidity: Air roasting lowers the beans’ bitterness and acidity, resulting in a smoother, more balanced cup of coffee.
Environmentally Friendly: Air roasting requires less energy than traditional roasting methods, making it an eco-conscious choice.